Bed & Breakfast Pensions in Timişoara:
TIMIŞOARA - NATURAL ENVIRONMENT:
The city of Timişoara is situated in the central and northern part of Banat, extending over
a large area of the Western Plain. In the SW lies the Caraşelor Plateau and in the SE are the Nerei
Timisoara lies under the influence of continental and Mediterranean air masses which favor
gentler climatic conditions than in other parts of the country. The annual average temperature measures +11
degrees C, with a high in July +21.6 degrees C and a low in January - 1.2 degrees C.
The Mediterranean moisture causes the fall of abundant precipitations - 640mm/annually.
- Bazoş Park - at 15 km from Timişoara; it comprises the Big Park, the American Park, a greenhouse
and a seed bed for exotic plants, gathering over 400 species from 5 continents.
- The Swamps from Satchinez - at 25 km from Timisoara; they occupy a surface of 40ha and gathers almost
25% of Romania's water bird species, some of them nearly extinct.
- The fossil location of Radamanesti - situated in the Lipova Plateau, at 10 km from Lugoj; it is a
geological reservation with a rich fossil fauna, discovered in 1870.
TIMIŞOARA - BRIEF HISTORY:
In 102 B.C. an extensive part of the Banat region goes under Roman rule, thus becoming part of
the Dacia "Inferior" and then "Malvensis" Province. This period brings along great economical and social
development. The Xth century transforms Banat into a duchy under the rule of Glad and the XIth century sees
the opening of the first educational institution in our country, run by Bishop Gerard.
The first written mention of Temes Fortress appeared in the XIIIth century, but the name changed to
Temesvar (Hungarian). It held the status of administrative centre and military headquarters of the Timis
Committee. Under the rule of Carol Robert de Anjou and as capital of the Hungarian Empire (1315-1323),
Timisoara underwent major economical and social changes, attaining the status of "civitas".
The flourishing XIVth century period was followed by the devastating siege of the Ottomans in 1552,
which transformed Banat into an Ottoman territory, but only after a series of long and enduring battles
led by Iancu de Hunedoara.
The XVIIth century brought important historical events like the Austrian rule. This period ultimately
shaped the future administrative, social and economical systems of Timişoara, turning it into an essential
pole of both Romanian and European economy, position held successfully until today.
Timişoara saw the opening of the first tobacco mill in the country and it has also been the first town
in the Austro-Hungarian Empire to have public lighting powered by oil lamps and the first European city
to be lit by electric street lamps. Also it held the first ambulance station in the Kingdom of Romania.
Timişoara was Romania's first liberated city from the communist regime in 1989 and today it thrives a
cultural and academic life.
TIMIŞOARA - FOLKLORE, CULTURE, ARCHITECTURE:
Timişoara is a multicultural town, influenced by the various ethnic communities,
especially the German, Hungarian, Serbian and others such as: Bulgarian, Italian, Palestinian and Greek.
This diverse cultural inheritance is the distinctive and most attractive element that the city of Timisoara
reveals to each of the visitors.
With over 12 professional cultural institutions and a spectacular theatre tradition (3 state owned
multilanguage theatres), it is Romania's second cultural centre, following Bucharest.
HISTORICAL AND ARCHITECTURAL MONUMENTS
- The Stronghold - the name often given to the ruins of the Timisoara Fortress bulit in the XVIIIth century.
Nowadays, it hosts the Folkloric Art Museum, that exhibits traditional costumes, wood carving,
folkloric ceramics, religious glass paintings etc.
- The Stronghold of Timisoara - erected during the XVIIIth century, had three gates in three different
the Ardeal, the Vienna and Josefir style.
- the Huniad's Castle - built by Iancu de Hunedoara during 1443-1447 on the site of the old castle, which
Carol de Anjou had previously built. today is exhibits the collections of the Museum of Banat.
- the Metropolitan Cathedral, erected during 1936-1946 after the plans of architect Ion Trăiănescu.
Its ceremonial opening also witnessed the presence of King Mihai I in 1947.
The building was constructed in the Byzantine style, measures 63 m in lenght and 32 m in width.
The main tower and its dome measure 83 m and 16 m in height. Its underground floor hosts a museum with
different Orthodox cult objects.
- The Museum of Banat - established in 1872.
- The National Romanian Theatre and Opera House - built after the plans of Viennese architects Fellner and
Hellmer during 1872-1875 in the Rennaisance style.
- The Roman-Catholic Church "Holy Heart of Jesus" - built in Neogothic style, after the plans of architect
- The Dome Church - erected during 1733-1773
- St. Catherine Church - raised in 1775, reconstructed in 1889 in Neobaroque style; it belonged to the
- The Millenium Church - built according to the plans of architect Ludwig von Ybl, in order to commemorate
1000 years since the Hungarians settled in the Panonian Plain.
- The Dicasterial Palace - built in the Italian Rennaisance style during 1850-1854 after
the Strozzi Palace in Florence.
- The Victory Monument - built by Emperor Franz Joseph in 1853
- The Bihopric Palace - 1743-1752
- The old Town Hall
TIMIŞOARA - ENTERTAINMENT:
- Timisoara Stronghold
- The Old Synanogue in Fabric
- The Roman-Catholic Church
- The House of the Prince Eugeniu of Savoia
- The Stronghold Synagogue
- The House of the Count of Mercy
- The Fransciscan Monastery
- Buziaş - situated downstrean Timis River, 25 km from Lugoj, this resort has won its fame since the
year 1811, when the mineral springs were first used in various treatements
In 1819 Buziaş was officially included among other resort spas in the country.
Its waters help the healing process for disorsers like: rheumatic diseases, those of
the nervous system and of the digestive apparatus.
- Câlcea - situated between Timisoara and Arad; it is a spa resort that functions all year long.
The natural factors which contribute to the healing process are the mineral waters. The recommendations are
made for: gynecological and locomotory disorders and also of the nervous peripheral system.
- Izvin - at 17 km away from Timisoara is the Izvin village, reknown for its horse breeding traditions,
especially those of the Ardeni and Lipitasc breed. Nearby the stud farm, there is a racetrack,
where passionates can enjoy demonstrations and contests.
Timisoara is a railway hub, allowing multiple and various links either to the interior of
Romania or to any place outside its borders. The roads are in a very good shape ensuring a safe and
pleasant journey in any of your trips. If you rather travel by plane, you should know that Traian Vuia
International Airport operates a great number of destinations and flights.